Eastern Mediterranean region


  • It is estimated that a total of 22 million living individuals have been infected with HCV, among whom around 15.4 million are chronically infected.
  • About 80% of these individuals living with hepatitis C are in Egypt and Pakistan, with each of these countries contributing about 5.1 million and 6.6 million chronic infections respectively.
  • There are over half a million people who inject drugs (PWID) in the region and about half of them are infected with hepatitis C.
  • There are around 14.8 million people living with chronic hepatitis B infection in the region.
  • An estimated 80% of all hepatitis B cases live in eight countries: Pakistan, Sudan, Yemen, Iran, Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan and Morocco.
  • It is estimated that 18.8% of people living with hepatitis B in the region are also co-infected with hepatitis D.
  • Most of the hepatitis B and C infections in this region are acquired in the healthcare setting, such as through routine dentistry, blood transfusions and operations.
  • Viral hepatitis mortality is the 5th leading cause of death in North Africa and the Middle East.


  • Hepatitis B vaccine is incorporated in over 80% of immunisation programmes.
  • Thirteen countries (81%) reported having a written strategy or plan for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.

In order to address this public health challenge effectively, we need to ensure that governments put in place a comprehensive approach in which there is a concerted effort between the public sector, civil society, academic and the private sector.

Dr Ala Alwan, WHO Regional Director for Eastern Mediterranean

There is currently no content classified with this term.