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Hepatitis B virus: Know it, prevent it
Indonesia, along with other countries in Southeast Asia, China and some countries in Africa are classified as high prevalence areas. In Indonesia, there are 12 million people infected by HBV; the third-greatest number in the world after China and India.
The hepatitis B vaccination is the mainstay of HBV prevention and has been proven to reduce the rate of chronic infection in many countries, from 8-15 percent to less than 1 percent among children vaccinated. Moreover, in Taiwan, the vaccination program had decreased the incidence of liver cancer in children.
In Indonesia, the hepatitis B immunization for newborns was first introduced in 1987 and has been part of the routine immunization program since 1997. http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/07/16/hepatitis-b-virus-know-it-prevent-it.html